Let’s learn Fayol Principle of management. Good Management is essential for any organization to achieve its goals and be efficient. The four main functions of management are planning, organizing and leading. This is also known as the POLC framework. These functions are essential for ensuring that an organization has structure and focus.
Henri Fayol, in his 1916 book “Administration Industrielle et Generale“, outlined a classic theory about management. These principles provide a solid foundation for “good management” by focusing on managerial skills rather than technical skills.
Henry Fayol is also known as the “father of modern management theory” and gave new meaning to the notion of management. His general theory can be applied to every level of management and all departments. Managers use the Fayol theory to manage and control the organization’s internal activities. He was focused on managerial efficiency.
Henri Fayol created the fourteen management principles that are mentioned below.
14 Fayol Principle of management
- Division of Work – Henri believed that separating work among workers would improve the quality of the product. He also believed that dividing work increases productivity, efficiency and speed. This principle applies to both technical and managerial work levels.
- Authority and responsibility – These are the key elements of management. These two key aspects of management are authority and responsibility. Authority allows the management to work efficiently.
- Discipline – Discipline is the key to success. It is the foundation value of any project and any management. Management is easy and complete when there are good performance and good interrelation. Good behavior by employees is a key factor in their success and advancement.
- Unity of Command – An employee should only have one boss and be able to follow his orders. An employee who has to follow more than one boss can cause conflict of interest and confusion.
- Unity of Direction – Everyone involved in the same activity should share a common goal. This means that everyone working in a company must have a common goal and motive. It will make it easier to achieve the goal.
- Subordination of individual interest – This means that a company should work together for the company’s benefit and not personal gain. You must be subordinate to the organization’s purposes. This is the entire chain of command within a company.
- Remuneration – This is an important factor in motivating employees. It can be either monetary or not. It should be based on the individual’s efforts.
- Centralization – The management and any authority that is responsible for decision-making in any company should be neutral. This depends on the organization’s size. Henri Fayol emphasized the importance of balancing the hierarchy with the division of power.
- Scalar Chain – Fayol’s principle outlines that hierarchy should go from the top down. This is important so that employees know their immediate superiors and can contact them if necessary.
- Order – To have a positive work environment, a company must establish a clear work order. Positive atmosphere at work will increase productivity.
- Equity – Respect and equality should be the norm for all employees. Managers have the responsibility to ensure that employees are treated equally and respectfully.
- Stability – Employees can perform at their best when they feel safe in their work environment. Management has a duty to provide job security for their employees.
- Initiative – Management should encourage and support employees to take initiative in the organization. This will increase their enthusiasm and help them make a good living.
- Sprit de Corps- Management must motivate employees and support each other. A positive work environment and outcome can be achieved by building trust and mutual understanding.
What is Administrative Theory?
Fayol described managerial skills as “administrative functions.” He shared his experience of managing a workforce in his 1916 book “Administration Industrielle et Generale.”
Fayol’s book and his 14 Principles of Management helped to create Administrative Theory. This book examines the organization from top to bottom and provides steps for managers to maximize employee performance and run a business efficiently.
What are Fayol’s Five Functions of Management Management?
Fayol’s 14 Principles deal with the details of management day to day, but his Five Functions of Management give a larger picture of how managers should spend their time. These are:
1. Planning is the “need to assess the future and prepare for it.” This includes a flexible plan of action that takes into account the firm’s current resources, future market trends, and work in progress.
2. Organization: defining authority and responsibility for employees. This includes recruiting and training, coordination, and defining employees’ responsibilities.
3. Commanding is about getting the best from people. Managers be able to recognize the skills of employees delegate the skill and set an example.
4. Coordinating: In a well-coordinated organisation, departments are aware of their responsibilities and the needs of their colleagues.
5. Control – ensuring that all rules, plans, and processes work as intended.
Is Fayol Principle of management Still Relevant Today?
Now that we have deeply understood fayol principle of management, let’s analyze if its still relevant today?
- It takes only a glance at the language Fayol used to communicate that he was writing more than 100 years ago.He refers to employees, for example, as “men”.
- Daniel Wren wrote that “without the contributions of these pioneers such as Fayol”, we would likely be teaching industrial engineering and sociology to those who want to manage.This would be a return to the 19th Century, when technical knowledge was the best path to managerial responsibility.
- Fayol’s points will be relevant and fresh if you take a closer look.These include:His Principles encourage teamwork and collaboration for mutual benefit.
These Five Functions show that organizations must be flexible and plan in order to adapt to changing market conditions.
Fayol was the first to realize that management is a continuous process.
Fayol was a pioneer in human resource management. He wrote about motivating people through inspiring initiative, commanding respect through value, and making sure that everyone has the training and time they need to be productive and happy at work.
A modern manager is one who is valued for their values and leads by example. Also read Importance of Newspaper.
Critique of Fayol Principles of Management
Fayol’s Administrative Theory is not for everyone. Some critics claim that:
It’s not scientific– Fayol critics wonder if you can base a theory on the observations of one individual. Fayol emphasized that he was building a foundation for others.
This is exactly what Luther Gulick, Lyndall Urwick and Fayol did in 1937 when they used Fayol’s ideas to create their own. POSDCORB MODEL For efficiency and productivity. Research shows that Fayol is being criticized by more modern critics, such as Mintzberg. Kotter Hales actually used many of his ideas.
It’s too prescriptive. Some of Fayol’s Principles may seem dated. Many critics claim that only one set of Principles is sufficient to govern all managers. Fayol stated that his list was not complete and that the Principles could be adapted to any situation.
Academics today have demonstrated that Fayol’s work is still relevant to modern management theorists like Porter.
It’s cold, inhuman. Critics of historical management theories argue that efficiency is more important than the psychological and social needs of workers. However, managing with kindness, instilling initiative and building morale show a level of care for workers that was modern.